Nausea and Vomiting
The most frequent problem in pregnancy is nausea and vomiting. For the nausea and vomiting in the early phases of pregnancy has many reasons such as hormones released from the placenta, Vitamin B6 deficiency, changes in the stomach-bowel system based on the pregnancy, the thyroid gland working more than usual. The stomach and the bowels become empty more slowly with the effects of pregnancy hormones. Thus, there might be indigestion, swelling and gas complaints.
You may experience nausea and vomiting in any time of the day but most frequently in the morning. This is seen more severely in the first pregnancies, in young women and twin pregnancies. The nausea starts mostly in the 6-7. gestational week and decreases in the 12. gestational week.
Eating more frequently and in small portions will help to decrease the nausea. Drinking less with meals also helps the recovery process. Try to take solid, dry, fat-free and salt-free foods as a diet. Avoid unpleasant scents and foods. Stay away especially from kitchen scents and heavy perfumes.
The changes in the functions of the kidneys and the growing uterus makes you urinate frequently in the pregnancy. You may even leak urine when sneezing, coughing and laughing. The reason of this is the pressure of the growing uterus on bladder. It is certainly not recommended to decrease hydration for the whole pregnancy period. Because staying hydrated has many positive effects on pregnancy. Urinate whenever you need. Holding the urine may result in urinary infection since the bladder cannot become completely empty. If you have frequent urination (pollakiuria) together with urinary burning and tingle (dysuria) together with inguinal pain, this might be caused by "urinary infection", contact your doctor.
Sensitiveness in Breasts
Increase in the release of hormones called estrogen, prolactin and progesterone is the main reason why the pregnant woman would have changes in her breasts. In this case, not to wear tight underwear when sleeping and to avoid contact with breasts in order for the breasts not to be stimulated would partly decrease these types of complaints.
The suggested weight gain in pregnancy is general 12-15 kilos on average. This amount may change according to the kilo before the pregnancy. If you have started to the pregnancy with overweight, it is suggested to gain 7-8 kilos. If you're expecting twin babies, gaining 17-22 kilos is normal. If we take the ideal weight gain as 12 kg on average, 4 kilos of this must be gained in first half of the pregnancy (in the first 20 weeks) and the remaining 8 kilos in the second half. Your kilo generally stays stable in the first three months. You may even see a small amount of weight loss in case nausea and vomiting is too much. There is no need for panic. You will start to gain weight when the nausea ends. Do not panic thinking that the baby would nourish insufficiently in this period.
Abdominal and Inguinal Pain
You might have a sense of pain in your crotches, thighs and lower back as if you will menstruate. When the uterus is growing, the connective tissues holding it stretch. The reason of the pains is this stretching. The uterus is the only organ that grows more than its own size and then turns back to normal after the labor. The main reason of the pain and burnings experienced in this period is the weight of the uterus and increase in its width as much as pregnancy hormones.
Even though this sense of pain in your crotches is disturbing, there is no need to be worried. If your pain is more than a severe menstruation, contact your doctor.
The joints between the bones in your thigh area soften and relax during the pregnancy. These are preparations for baby to pass from this area during labor. The weight of your uterus increases and the position of the center of gravity changes in this period. As a result of this and maybe even without you knowing, your body shape and your walking style change. The changes in the center of gravity cause backaches. Do not push yourself much, avoid carrying heavy burdens and relax laying down when your pain increases. Moreover, avoid wearing high heels which negatively affects the back health. Always prefer to use flat and if possible, with orthopedic sole. The exercises to work the muscles in your abdominal area will help to reduce the backache.
Cramps in Legs
The cramps in the legs are frequently seen generally after the 3. week. It happens especially in the nights and sometimes the cramps are so severe that it wakes you up. Even though the certain reason for leg cramps is not determined, it is thought that it is caused generally by calcium and magnesium insufficiency. If the leg cramps disturb you a lot, try to make exercises stretching your leg muscles. Stay away from sitting or walking for too long. Massage and hot applications to that area can be relieving. Calcium, magnesium or Vitamin B6 can be prescribed to the patients with cramp complaints.
The most frequent reason of epigastric burning is stomach contents going back to the esophagus, known as "reflux". The stomach acids irritate the esophagus as a result of this. There are several reasons why reflux is experienced in the pregnancy more than usual. The most important reason is that the growing uterus pushes the stomach up. Another reason is the fact that the speed of foods moving with progressive movements slows down since the digestion system slows down in the pregnancy under the effects of hormones (especially the progesterone hormone). Your stomach becomes empty later than usual and the foods go through your digestion system slower. As a result of this, it is possible to experience indigestion, swelling and nausea.
Eat less and often in order to prevent nausea and vomiting. Stay away from excessively acid drinks and excessively spicy and fatty foods. Do not consume too much tea, coffee and chocolate.
Prefer the foods cooked in the pot with boiling method instead of fried food. Drinking soda may reduce your complaints sometimes. Moreover, stay away from the movements and positions such as stooping which increase your epigastric burning. In fact, you may raise your head a little bit more by putting another pillow under your head to sleep.
Constipation is a common problem in pregnancy and the most common reason of it is that the digestion system slows down in general terms and that the growing uterus makes pressure on the last part of the bowels.
Moreover, constipation also increases hemorrhoid and anal fissure. The most important treatment method, and the way to prevent constipation, is to eat more fiber and to consume abundant amount of water. Moreover, you may drink plenty of peach, plumb, fig composts and natural juices. Drink a glass of warm water before breakfast in the morning. Also increasing the exercise you do may help reducing this problem.
Blood volume increases by 50 per cent during the pregnancy and accordingly, a relative anemia table comes up. Also, the increasing needs of the baby during the pregnancy makes the need for iron of your body increase too. While your daily iron need is 15 mg. before the pregnancy, it duplicates during the pregnancy. The anemia in pregnant women may cause exhaustion, weakness, tachycardia, chill, shortness of breath, dizziness and decrease in body resistance. The only treatment of anemia is to take iron. 60 mg of elementary iron intake per day is suggested. That's why the pregnant women who need it should take extra iron starting from the 16-18. gestational week. It is also beneficial to consume foods rich in iron.
Edema in Legs
The edemas experienced as a result of the growing uterus making pressure on the blood vessels coming from the legs especially in the late phases of pregnancy generally don't make a serious problem. It is suggested not to stand up without moving for a long time, not to consume salt excessively and raising the feet by the help of a pillow when resting in order to reduce edemas in the late phases.