1 or 2 eggs produced every month in the natural process are left into the abdomen of the woman having a regular menstruation in the middle of the menstruation cycle. The egg being taken by the organ called tube (Tube uterine) meets with the sperm coming from the vagina in the tube and the fertilization occurs inside the tube. The fertilized egg waiting here for 4-5 days and directed to the uterus arrives the uterus in the 5-6. day and settles. Thus, the pregnancy starts. One or more reasons affecting this process cause infertility.
Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite an unprotected and regular intercourse for 1 year. Approximately 15% of the couple, meaning 1 out of 6 couples, experience this problem any period of their reproduction period. It seems that it is almost equal in women and men, 40%, in terms of the problem. On the other hand, no certain problem can be identified in 10-15% of the couples (idiopathic= unexplained infertility). The main target in infertility is also to find out the reason just like in other health problems. That's why the couple are studied with some examinations to be conducted both on the woman and on the man.
These examinations are;
- Blood tests (hormone analyses; serological tests etc.)
- Gynecological and ultrasonographical examination made in the menstruation period
- Rontgen of the uterus (HSG=Hysterosalpingography)
- Semen analysis (spermiogram) (washed and unwashed evaluation, morphological=visual evaluation)
- Laparoscopy / Hysteroscopy in necessary circumstances.
What kind of an approach will be follower and whether assisted reproductive techniques will be used are determined according to these diagnosis methods by taking the person and the spouse's individual status into consideration.
Tube Baby, in other words IN VITRO FERTILIZATION, is the fertilization in the tube in a laboratory conditions by taking both of the gamets, both the egg and the sperm, out of the body. While the egg cell is left for fertilization by adding a certain amount of sperms in the laboratory environment in the CONVENTIONAL METHOD, in other words the classical in vitro fertilization treatment, the egg cells are fertilized by injecting only one sperm cell with each egg cells under microscope in the MICROINJECTION treatment.
Many reasons affecting sperm and egg to come together in the natural process require in vitro fertilization application.